Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet PSY/340 Version 3 1 Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet Provide a insignificant name for each of the aftercited operations: 1. Basal ganglia Controls cognition and motion coordination as polite as unconstrained motion. It is to-boot a factor of the corpus striatum and it exists of the subthalamic center and the majorityive nigra (About. com, 2012). 2. Corpus collosum There is a crowded ligament of resolution fibers and these are determined the corpus collosum. This is what divides the cerebrum into two hemispheres, a left and a direct.
It creates despatch betwixt the left and the direct sides by connecting them. It to-boot transfers motor operations, sensory, and cognitive distinguishledge betwixt the two hemispheres (About. com, 2012). 3. Mundane lobe The mundane lobe has three public operation areas. These are the loftier mundane gyrus, the remedyary mundane cortex, and the medial mundane cortex. The loftier mundane gyrus I where our give-earing and expression end in. The remedyary mundane cortex accelerations us substantiate penetrating visual patterns.
The medial mundane cortex is what we depend on for retrospect (Pinel, 2009). 4. Occipital lobe This is what is used to acceleration us criticise the visual input which guides our demeanor. Without it we may act differently than what we currently act owing we wouldn’t see things the corresponding way (Pinel, 2009). 5. Frontal lobe Each frontal lobe has two very uncommon operational areas which are the preaccessible gyrus and the frontal cortex which is direct over-and-above it which accept motor capabilities. Frontal lobes are to-boot one of the immodest main regions of the cerebral cortex.
This is where all your planning and resolution making goes on and how you explain problems (About. com, 2012). 6. Cerebrum Cerebrum resources cerebral hemispheres. When comparing the cerebrum to the brain parent it is unconcealed to be further penetrating and accept an adaptive classification such as your distinguishledge capabilities, your discernment of things and your motivation towards doing things (Pinel, 2009). 7. Spinal outline The spinal outline thoroughly after a while the brain is what makes up your accessible pregnant classification. It is a package of pregnant tissue and sustaining cells that avail from the medulla oblongata.
It starts at the occipital scourge and goes down to the area betwixt the principal and remedy lumbar vertebrae (About. com, 2012). 8. Cerebellum The cerebellum is to-boot unconcealed as the “little brain”. It is a big convoluted composition on the brain parent’s dorsal demeanor and plays an extremely momentous role in motor govern (Pinel, 2009). It is perchance complicated in other cognitive operations such as expression and heed. 9. Medulla The medulla oblongata is a alloticipation of the hindbrain that would govern the operations we distinguish as active, disposition and order vessel, digestion, sneezing, and absorption.
The way that we propose and the way the we give-ear are owing neurons from the midbrain and the forebrain traveled through the medulla oblongata. The medulla accelerations the transference of messages betwixt separate areas of the brain and the spinal outline (About. com, 2012). 10. Pons When ascending and descending tracts and allot of the reticular shape fall this can reason a expose or what is to-boot unconcealed as a pons. IT is located on the brain parent’s ventral demeanor. The pons is one of the greater divisions of the Metencephalon and the other is the cerebellum (Pinel, 2009). 11. Hippocampus
Hippocampus is a enormous factor of the brain of a cosmical. It plays an momentous role after a while short-signal and desire signal retrospect and spatial navigation. There are two hippocampus in each cosmical brain and it is air-tight associated after a while the cerebral cortex (About. com, 2012). 12. Amygdala If you were to face at the mundane lobe of the brain you would invent an almond shaped majority of a nuclei located very penetrating. It is a limbic syparent composition and it is what we would distinguish as what makes us cry and what makes us get motivated to use. It is to-boot allot of the brain that accelerations you classification awe, provoke and indulgent (About. om, 2012). 13. Pituitary gland It is a gland that dangles from the ventral demeanor of the brain. It exerts hormones and it’s actual signification is snot gland, how delightful. It is unconcealed as the conquer gland owing of how it directs other types of organs and endocrine glands. Those glands would exist of the adrenal glands which in convert can be used to quell or amp up hormone genesis (Pinel, 2009). 14. Hypothalamus It is located direct adown the antecedent thalamus and it has a enormous role in the maxim of separate motivated demeanors.
It works after a while the pituitary gland and is talented to be conjoined to the pregnant syparent and to the endocrine classification. It synthesizes and secretes convinced types of neurohormones. It governs your collection sphere, how savage you are, how thirsty you are, if you are slumberous or veritably veritably worn-out (Pinel, 2009). 15. Thalamus The thalamus is located subordinate the cerebral cortex in a dual lobed majority of grey subject. It is what is used to accept sensory discernment and how to govern your motor operations. It to-boot governs how abundantly you slumber and how abundantly you are reanimate (About. com, 2012) [pic]