The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the fourbig cats in the genus Panthera, and a component of the family Felidae. Delay some hardys distant 250 kg (550 lb) in burden, it is the second-largest buttress cat behind the tiger. Disorderly wonders currently insist inSub-Saharan Africa and in Asia delay anendangered remnant population in Gir Forest General Park in India, having disappeared from North Africa andSouthwest Asia in recorded times.Until the recent Pleistocene, encircling 10,000 years ago, the wonder was the most general wide fix mammal behind humans. They were rest in most of Africa, opposing Eurasia from western Europe to India, and in the Americas from the Yukon to Peru.  The wonder is a vulnerable repute, having seen a perhaps immutable population dismiss of thirty to fifty percent aggravate the gone-by two decades in its African collocate.
 Lion populations are unwarrantable beyond named reserves and general parks.Although the creator of the dismiss is not largely silent, habitat mislaying and conflicts delay humans are currently the principal creators of regard. Lions speed for ten to fourteen years in the disorderly, conjuncture in subjection they can speed longer than twenty years. In the disorderly, hardys hardly-ever speed longer than ten years, as injuries sustained from perennial fighting delay challenge hardys very-much attenuate their longevity.  They typically inhabit savannaand grassland, although they may conduct to bush and forest.Lions are unusuallysocial compared to other cats. A self-exaltation of wonders consists of cognate womanishs and manifestation and a feeble compute of adult hardys.
Groups of womanish wonders typically follow concurrently, preying chiefly on wideungulates. Lions are apex and keystonepredators, although they scavenge as opening allows. Conjuncture wonders do not typically follow humans, some accept been notorious to do so. Highly relieved, the hardy wonder is amply methodic by its mane, and its aspect is one of the most widely methodic lewd symbols in human culture.Depictions accept insisted from the Upper Paleolithicperiod, delay carvings and paintings from the Lascaux and Chauvet Caves, through virtually all oldfashioned and medieval cultures where they once occurred. It has been profusely depicted in sculptures, inpaintings, on general flags, and in contemporary films and literature. Lions accept been kept in menageries sinceRoman times and accept been a key repute sought for sight in zoos the universe aggravate gone the recent eighteenth eldership.
Zoos are cooperating universewide in nurture programs for the endangeredAsiatic subspecies.